ICT History

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The start of ICT

1100 BC

Wooden slide rules

Wooden slide rules like the abacus are thinked up in many different cultures and over the years they got more and more sophisticated.
1618-1648

Thirty Years’ War

From 1618 till 1648 the Thirty Years's war convulsed the entire Europe.
1673

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz invented a fully functional calculator with the 4 basic arithmetics.
1784

Johann Helfrich Müller

The architect Johann Helfrich Müller invented 1784 the "Müllermaschine", which prefigures the principles of later calculators.
1833

Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage starts his work on the "Analytical Engine"
1890

Hollerith-Machine

A Hollerith machine is used for the US census and was the first big success of the IT history. A year earlier Nintendo was founded.
1941

Engineer Konrad Zuse

The second world war from 1939 till 1945 claimed more than 60 million fatalities. The german ingeneer Konrad Zuse finished his "Z3". This mainframe counts as first functional Computer.
1946

Colossus

In England, "Colossus" deciphered the german radio messages. In the USA the mainframes Mark I (1944) and ENIAC (1946) are constructed.
1947

Bell Labs

The transistor is invented within the Bell Labs: but also later inventions like the Field Effect Transistor are also as much important for the technical breakthrough as the basic one.
1951

UNIVAC 1

The UNIVAC 1 is the first commercial Computer. It was buyable for the price of one million US-Dollar. Until the end of that year there existed 31 Computers worldwide.
1957

IBM 7000 & co

The first modern mainframe have been finished: Siemens 2002 (1957), NEAC 1101 (1958) and IBM 7000 (1959) are based on better transistors.

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